停止审查我们:LGBT也是马来西亚的一份子​

 

停止审查我们:LGBT也是马来西亚的一份子


我们,作为联署人,对首相署宗教事务部长拿督慕加希发布的一道专横独断的命令,感到震惊与不安——他命令,2018年度槟城乔治市艺术节里,一个名为"条纹与笔触"的摄影展,撤除妮莎雅尤(Nisha Ayub)与冯启德(Pang Khee Teik)两位维权份子的照片。8月7日,他们的照片遭撤除。因为他俩的照片被认为在鼓吹LGBT(女同性恋、男同性恋、双性恋与跨性别者)的活动。这个摄影展展出多元背景的民众与马来西亚国旗,呈现出人们对马来西亚的爱与骄傲。

慕查希补充说明,他被告知,这个摄影展展示出标示着LGBT社运人士的照片,以及相片中含有彩虹骄傲的标志。慕查希也提及,鼓吹LGBT的活动不符合新政府的政策。

这道撤除照片的指令是蛮横与违宪的,因为它违反联邦宪法赋予的多重权利。其中包括联邦宪法第5条和第8条,保障人们免于性别歧视而有尊严且自由地生活的权利,以及联邦宪法第10条保护人们的表意、结社与集会的自由——无论其性取向和性别认同。

此外,慕查希必须清楚指明,撤除照片所援引的政策,而不是模糊地、专断地宣告那些照片不符合新政府的政策。联邦宪法的存在即是为了保证,压迫边缘群体的多数暴政不会发生。

正如慕查希曾多次提到,LGBTIQ群体同为公民,他们的人权应当受联邦宪法保障。因此,这个保障应适用于所有领域,而不只是仅限于希盟政权选择性接受的范围。

撤除这两位社运份子的照片,实际上,正是限制维权份子执行他们的活动与工作。《 维权份子宣言》明确指出,国家义务与责任是,推动、履行和保护维权份子的权利,以及创造对促进人权有利的环境。

2018年3月,联合国《消除对妇女一切形式歧视公约》委员会对马来西亚的观察进行总结,提到对于女性维权份子面对的报复与限制的担忧,尤其是那些倡议穆斯林女性权利、LGBTI女性权利、以及民主转型的女性维权份子。希盟政府作为执政党有义务去实施联合国《消除对妇女一切形式歧视公约》委员会所提出的改革建议。

我们也质疑慕加希作为首相署部长的职权权限。目前,LGBTIQ的相关事务看似都交由首相署宗教事务部管辖。更令人担忧的是,首相署宗教事务部对待LGBTIQ的方法,皆集中于防治、改造与治疗,以及法律的强制执行。长久以来,这些方法一直为人诟病,被批评缺乏证据与不尊重人权,以及对马来西亚公民造成不良影响与伤害。我们担忧,首相署宗教事务部对LGBTIQ群体实施的政策与行动,将会进一步导致全民的人权倒退。

第14届大选后,针对LGBTIQ群体与LGBTIQ支持者的歧视、威胁与暴力与日剧增。据妮莎雅尤与冯启德所述,他们的照片在各自的社群媒体上,收到上千则仇恨与暴力的恐吓和讯息,当中包括强奸、死亡和折磨的恐吓。我们担忧,撤除照片的举动彻底错过了应该被解决的根本问题——那就是对LGBTIQ不利的暴力、威胁与歧视日趋严重。此外,这个审查与限制的举动,恐怕变相鼓励那些对LGBTIQ持反对意见者,以及因不会受到惩治而导致对LGBTIQ群体与支持者的歧视、仇恨与暴力不断攀升。

我们呼吁,希盟政府应积极与LGBTIQ人权团体沟通和合作,肩负起应担当的责任,保护、履行与促进所有人的人权,尤其是那些遭受边缘化和污名化的个人与群体。我们坚信,LGBTIQ群体是马来西亚對多元差异的包容之中必不可少的一部分。

联署组织:

  1. Agora Society 群议社
  2. Aliran Kesedaran Negara (Aliran)
  3. All Women's Action Society (AWAM) 妇女行动协会
  4. Association of Women Lawyers ( AWL )
  5. Centre for Combating Corruption and Cronyism (C4)
  6. Centre for Independent Journalism, Malaysia
  7. Community Action Network (CAN)
  8. Diversity 异样
  9. ENGAGE
  10. In Between Cultura 之间文化工作室
  11. Johor Yellow Flame (JYF) 柔南黄色行动小组
  12. Knowledge and Rights with Young people through Safer Spaces (KRYSS)
  13. Justice for Sisters 姐妹要正义
  14. KL & Sel Chinese Association Women Division 隆雪华堂妇女组
  15. KL & Sel Chinese Association Youth Section 隆雪华堂青年团
  16. Lingkaran Islam Tradisional (LIT)
  17. Malaysia Design Archive
  18. Malaysia Muda
  19. Malaysian Atheists and Secular Humanists (MASH)
  20. Monitoring Sustainability of Globalisation
  21. National Human Rights Society of Malaysia (HAKAM)
  22. Neighborhood Performance Group 路人甲表演社
  23. North South Initiative
  24. Parti Sosialis Malaysia 社会主义党
  25. PELANGI Campaign
  26. Penang Forum
  27. Penang Heritage Trust槟城古迹信托会
  28. Pergerakan Tenaga Akademik Malaysia (GERAK)
  29. Persatuan Kesedaran Komuniti Selangor (EMPOWER) 雪兰莪自强协会
  30. Persatuan Sahabat Wanita Selangor (PSWS)
  31. PLUHO, People Like Us, Hang Out!
  32. PLUsos 大马同人互助谘询协会
  33. Projek Dialog
  34. PT Foundation 粉红三角基金会
  35. Pusat KOMAS 大马社会传播中心
  36. Queer Academics, Students and Supporters Alliance (QUASSA)
  37. Ruang Kongsi 共思社
  38. Sabah Women's Action Resource Group (SAWO)
  39. Sisters in Islam, SIS 伊斯兰姐妹
  40. Society for the Promotion of Human Rights (PROHAM)
  41. SUARAM 人民之声
  42. Tenaganita
  43. Transmen of Malaysia
  44. UMANY 马大新青年
  45. Writer Alliance for Media Independence (WAMI)
  46. Women's Aid Organisation (WAO)
  47. Women Development Organisation of Malaysia



Stop censoring us: LGBT people are part of the Malaysian picture

We, the undersigned, are extremely appalled and disturbed by the arbitrary order issued by Datuk Mujahid Rawa, Minister in the Prime Minister's Department for Religious Affairs to remove photos of Nisha Ayub and Pang Khee Teik, two human rights defenders (HRD) from the Stripes and Strokes exhibition at the George Town Festival (GTF) 2018 in Penang. The photos were removed on 7 August 2018, as the photos were deemed to promote LGBT activities. The exhibition showcases people of diverse backgrounds with the Malaysia flag showing their love and pride for Malaysia.

Mujahid added that the he was informed that the exhibition that "showcases pictures labelled LGBT activists and they were portrayed with the rainbow pride logo". Mujahid also noted that promotion of LGBT activities was not 'in line with the new government's policy'.

The instruction to remove the photos was arbitrary and unconstitutional, as it violates multiple rights under the Federal Constitution. This includes Articles 5 and 8 of the Federal Constitution, which guarantee the right to live with dignity and freedom from gender-based discrimination. Article 10 of the Federal Constitution protects the freedom of expression, association and assembly of all persons regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity.

In addition, Muhajid must also clearly cite the policies that are used to remove the photos, instead of vaguely and arbitrarily stating that the photos are not in line with the new government's policy. The Federal Constitution exists to ensure that the tyranny of the majority over marginalized groups and people does not occur.

As Mujahid has stated on multiple occasions, LGBTIQ persons are citizens and their human rights are protected under the Federal Constitution. As such, this protection must extend to all areas, and not just selective areas the Pakatan Harapan administration is comfortable with.

The removal of the photos of the two activists also effectively restricts human rights defenders from carrying out their activism and work. The Declaration on Human Rights Defenders explicitly outlines the duties of the state in promoting, fulfilling and protecting the rights of human rights defenders and creating a conducive environment for the promotion of human rights.

The CEDAW Committee in its concluding observations to Malaysia in March 2018 also noted its concern over reprisals and restrictions faced by women human rights defenders, in particular those advocating for Muslim women's rights, the rights of lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women, as well as for democratic reforms. The Pakatan Harapan administration as the present day government has the obligation to implement the concluding observations and recommendations by the CEDAW Committee.

We also question the purview of Mujahid Rawa's portfolio. It appears as if LGBTIQ related issues are placed under the Prime Minister's Department for Religious Affairs. What is even more concerning is that the department's approach on LGBTIQ issues are centered on prevention, rehabilitation and treatment as well as the enforcement of laws. All of these methods have been criticized for not being evidence and rights based, and for its harmful impact and damage to Malaysian citizens. We are concerned the policies and practices adopted by the Prime Minister's department on LGBTIQ persons will further regress the human rights of all persons.

Post GE-14, there has been an increase of discrimination, threats and violence towards LGBTIQ persons and allies of LGBTIQ persons. As reported by Nisha and Pang on their respective social media platforms, their photos received thousands of hateful and violent threats and messages, including threats of rape, death and torture. We are concerned the removal of the photos completely misses the actual issues that needs to be addressed - the increasing discrimination, threats and violence against LGBTIQ persons. Moreover, this act of censorship and restriction will only embolden those who hold anti-LGBTIQ views and increase discrimination and violence against LGBTIQ persons and allies with impunity.

We call the Pakatan Harapan administration to engage LGBTIQ human rights groups and uphold its obligations in protecting, fulfilling and promoting the rights of all persons, especially persons and groups that are marginalized and stigmatized. We believe LGBTIQ persons are integral to Malaysia's inclusion of all forms of diversity.


Source:https://www.malaymail.com/s/1660351/mujahid-i-ordered-removal-of-portraits-from-gtf-exhibit-no-promotion-of-lgb

Endorsed by

  1. Agora Society
  2. Aliran Kesedaran Negara (Aliran)
  3. All Women's Action Society (AWAM)
  4. Association of Women Lawyers ( AWL )
  5. Centre for Combating Corruption and Cronyism (C4)
  6. Centre for Independent Journalism, Malaysia
  7. Community Action Network (CAN)
  8. Diversity
  9. ENGAGE
  10. In Between Cultura
  11. Johor Yellow Flame (JYF)
  12. Knowledge and Rights with Young people through Safer Spaces (KRYSS)
  13. Justice for Sisters
  14. KL & Sel Chinese Association Women Division
  15. KL & Sel Chinese Association Youth Section
  16. Lingkaran Islam Tradisional (LIT)
  17. Malaysia Design Archive
  18. Malaysia Muda
  19. Malaysian Atheists and Secular Humanists (MASH)
  20. Monitoring Sustainability of Globalisation
  21. National Human Rights Society of Malaysia (HAKAM)
  22. Neighborhood Performance Group
  23. North South Initiative
  24. Parti Sosialis Malaysia
  25. PELANGI Campaign
  26. Penang Forum
  27. Penang Heritage Trust
  28. Pergerakan Tenaga Akademik Malaysia (GERAK)
  29. Persatuan Kesedaran Komuniti Selangor (EMPOWER)
  30. Persatuan Sahabat Wanita Selangor (PSWS)
  31. PLUHO, People Like Us, Hang Out!
  32. PLUsos
  33. Projek Dialog
  34. PT Foundation
  35. Pusat KOMAS
  36. Queer Academics, Students and Supporters Alliance (QUASSA)
  37. Ruang Kongsi
  38. Sabah Women's Action Resource Group (SAWO)
  39. Sisters in Islam, SIS
  40. Society for the Promotion of Human Rights (PROHAM)
  41. SUARAM
  42. Tenaganita
  43. Transmen of Malaysia
  44. UMANY
  45. Writer Alliance for Media Independence (WAMI)
  46. Women's Aid Organisation (WAO)
  47. Women Development Organisation of Malaysia